These less-used series are shown with a dark gray background in the chart.
Adjectives behave in most ways like nouns. For each consonant in an abugida, there is an unmarked symbol representing that consonant followed by a canonical or inherent vowel.
Tigrinya nouns have pluralas well as singular, forms, though the plural is not obligatory when the linguistic or pragmatic context makes the number clear.
The negative circumfix ay- -n may mark nouns, pronouns, and adjectives as well as verbs: Tigrinya has compound prepositions corresponding to the preposition—postposition compounds found in Amharic: Since such minimal pairs are very rare, this presents no problem to readers of the language.
The copula and the verb of existence in the present are irregular: Innovations[ edit ] Tigrinya grammar is unique within the Ethiopian Semitic language family in several ways: However, since the pharyngeal and glottal consonants of Tigrinya and other Ethiopian Semitic languages cannot be followed by this vowel, the symbols in the first column in the rows for those consonants are pronounced with the vowel a, exactly as in the fourth row.
Negation is expressed through the prefix ay- and, in independent clausesthe suffix -n: Verbs may take direct object and prepositional pronoun suffixes: Possessive adjectives take the form of noun suffixes: There is an accusative marker used on definite direct objects.
The rows are assigned to the consonants, again in the traditional order. Relative clauses are expressed by a prefix attached to the verb: Within the tense system there is a basic distinction between the perfective form, conjugated with suffixes and denoting the past, and the imperfective form, conjugated with prefixes and in some cases suffixes, and denoting the present or future: These redundant symbols are falling into disuse in Tigrinya and are shown with a dark gray background in the table.
However, most inanimate nouns do not have a fixed gender. A Tigrinya noun is treated as either masculine or feminine. As in other modern ES languages, the default word order in clauses is subject—object—verb, and noun modifiers usually though not always in Tigrinya precede their head nouns.
Verbs are based on consonantal rootsmost consisting of three consonants:A collection of useful phrases in Tigrinya, a South Semitic language spoken in Ethiopia and Eritrea.
Jump to phrases Click on any of the (non-English) phrases that are links (blue) to hear them spoken. Tigrinya-English Dictionary Online Translation, Language, Grammar.
The Tigrinya language (or Tigrinya, Tigrai) is a language derived from the Geez (ge'ez), like the Amharic language. Tigrinya is written with a version of the Ge'ez script and first appeared in writing during the 13th century in a text on the local laws for the district of Logosarda in southern Eritrea.
The Tigrinya script. English Tigrigna Dictionary: A Dictionary of the Tigrinya Language (Paperback) Abdel Rahman Published by Simon Wallenberg Press, United Kingdom ().
Online shopping from a great selection at Books Store. "English language - Tigrinya". This is a good book for learning Tigrinya for English speakers.
However it has some things that could have been worked out better. First, as some other reviewers pointed out, the Ge'ez script and pronunciation of Tigrinya could have been worked out better. Tigrinya, being a language just like Amharic, has a complex writing system, and is /5(9).Download